Update: My wife’s broken leg

I wanted to thank you all for your prayers!!! and give you an update on my wife’s status. They finally took her into surgery at 4:30 p.m. yesterday (Saturday). According to the surgeon, everything went very well during the operation!!! She’s once again the proud owner of lots of hardware in her left leg: a rod and bolts. Today she will begin gingerly walking on her leg. They don’t let patients lie in bed for long these days. The word is she will be coming home from the hospital on Tuesday or Wednesday.

Thanks again for all your prayers. My wife has osteoporosis and has had many problems with this leg in the past (a severe “spiral” fracture in 1984 with many subsequent complications) so I would appreciate it if you could say a prayer for her continuing recovery. Thank you all! Praise the Lord for His love and care! We long for the day when we can put on incorruption through Christ! 1 Corinthians 15:53-55

via Prayer request

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Prayer request

Dear brothers and sisters in the Lord,

My wife fell in the tub around 11 p.m. on Friday night and injured her leg badly. She was taken by ambulance to emergency where they determined she had broken her left femur, the same bone she seriously fractured thirty-five years ago while showing our sons how to skateboard.

It’s around 11:30 a.m. on Saturday morning and we’re waiting for an opening in the operating room. Can you please say a prayer for her operation and her recovery?

Thank you all!

Tom

Truly a devotion time or a perfunctory exercise?

My wife and I accepted Jesus Christ as our Savior back in 1983, but, strangely, we never had devotion time together. In January 2015, I read an article which described how the former leader of the Byrds, Roger McGuinn, and his wife, Camilla, had a daily devotion time together in which they read a chapter from the Old Testament, a chapter from the New, a Psalm, and a Proverb. I asked my wife if she would like to read a chapter of the Bible and pray together daily and she happily agreed.

Well, we’ve been doing “OK” with our devotion time. At least I thought so. While it certainly hasn’t been every day, we have managed to read through nineteen books of the Bible in four years. But I noticed that when my wife or I read through a chapter, more often than not she didn’t seem to understand the message. My wife is not a voracious reader and definitely not one who savors the historical details that are a big part of many segments of God’s Word. She’s not going to dig into God’s Word with commentaries, a Bible dictionary, and a concordance like I am. That’s just not her. More often than not, when we finished a chapter she would look at me with a puzzled, frustrated look and inquire as to the meaning of what we had just read. Don’t get me wrong. My wife is a sharp cookie and a more faithful Christian than me in many ways, but reading and studying through the Bible, chapter after chapter, is not her forte. We’re all wired differently.

As we were perfunctorily reading through another chapter last week, I had the thought that I wasn’t serving my wife very well. In my zeal to plow through the Bible so I could check off another book “we” completed, my wife just wasn’t getting a lot out of it.

I’ve been receiving Charles Stanley’s monthly devotions booklet for about a year, but never used it personally. I was blessed by my daily “deep dive” Bible studies and the devotions booklet seemed to me to be just skimming the surface of spirituality. Well, the Lord put it in my heart to suggest to my wife that we use the booklet for our daily devotion rather than reading through the Bible. One night last week, I opened the devotional and read the short Bible passage and the brief life application and my wife absolutely lit up. It was like a house plant that had been withering away for lack of water that finally received the proper attention.

What a dummy I am!

The first rule of Communications 101: Always make sure the presentation matches the audience.

Showdown: The Legion vs. the United Planets!

We’re halfway through the month so it’s time once again to take a break from theological discussions and revisit one of the classic Legion of Super-Heroes tales from DC Comics’ Silver Age.

The Legion Chain Gang!
Adventure Comics #360, September, 1967
Writer and layouts: Jim Shooter, Penciller: Curt Swan

Plot

In the previous issue, Adventure #359, “The Outlawed Legionnaires!” (see review here), we learned that the Legion had been disbanded by the United Planets and all of the members are imprisoned except for a contingent of eight Legionnaires.

Adventure #360 picks up with the eight fugitives deep in the Metropolis sewer system where they stumble upon one of the secret lairs of Lex Luthor, Superman’s 20th-century arch-foe. The heroes are able to use Luther’s hideout with its collection of ingenious technology as a base of operations.

From deep in the sewers of Metropolis, the reader is transported to the Presidential Palace where Earth’s President and U.P Chairman, Kandro Boltax, surveys the situation. With most of the Legionnaires imprisoned, Boltax gleefully anticipates success in his plot for absolute domination of the United Planets. He then visits his teenage son who sits confined in a secret room. Boltax pleads with the boy to join him in his plan, but is met with silent defiance. When Boltax leaves the room, the teen resumes his efforts to escape. Hmm. There’s something strangely familiar about this boy, but what is it?

From Luther’s lair, the Legionnaires launch a prison break and, using their powers, are able to spring their four comrades from the Metropolis Jail. The Legionnaires suspect President Boltax has a hand in the planet-wide hostility toward the Legion and they send an espionage detachment to the Presidential Palace searching for evidence, but come up empty handed.

The heroes surmise Boltax is using an environmental agent to control people’s minds and when Brainiac 5 checks the water system, sure enough, he discovers “hypno-chemicals.” Hmm, hypno-chemicals? Have you solved this riddle yet? Brainiac 5 and his mates then make their way to the Worldwide U.P. Water Plant to introduce an antidote into the water supply, but are discovered by security forces before they can complete the mission.

In the meantime, on the faraway prison planetoid of Takron-Galtos, we see that the nine incarcerated Legionnaires are able to free themselves, but can they reach Earth in time to help their teammates?

Back at the Worldwide U.P. Water Plant in Metropolis, the heroes are cornered with no hope when one of the storage tanks explodes and water gushes down upon the advancing security forces. Evidently affected by the water, the guards seize Boltax rather than the Legionnaires. Brainiac 5’s antidote WAS added to the water supply after all, but by who?

We learn that it was Boltax’s son who foiled his father’s plan. But wait! The identity of the son is revealed to be Rond Vidar, which can only mean that Boltax is really the disguised villain, Universo, whom we met back in June in my review of Adventure #349 (see here).

The nine heroes from Takron-Galtos return to Metropolis just as Universo is led away and the entire Legion votes in Rond Vidar* as an honorary member by unanimous consent.

Comments

This was an excellent two-issue tale, especially with the surprising connection to Universo and Rond Vidar from the previous Legion story. The Legion’s use of Lex Luthor’s former hideout was an excellent story prop. As I mentioned in the last review, the inclusion of the entire 22-member Legion roster in this two-part saga was an unusual treat. Kudos to Jim Shooter and Curt Swan for delivering another classic Legion saga.

*In subsequent Legion lore, Rond Vidar became a Green Lantern.

The Realization of Protestant Fears: A Catholic in the White House, 1960

A Catholic in the White House?: Religion, Politics, and John F. Kennedy’s Presidential Campaign
By Thomas J. Carty
Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 215 pages

Roman Catholic, Al Smith (Governor of NY, 1923-1928), ran for President of the United States on the Democratic Party ticket in 1928 and was roundly defeated by the Republican candidate, Herbert Hoover (41% of popular vote vs. 58%, respectively). Smith’s religious affiliation was a major issue of the election. Protestants feared a Catholic President would answer to the pope and not the U.S. Constitution.

Roman Catholic, Jack Kennedy, campaigned for the presidency in 1960 and won despite some of the same concerns that had dogged Smith. In this short book, Professor Carty examines the opposition Kennedy faced due to his Catholicism. Kennedy quelled many of the Protestant concerns over his candidacy by speaking at a meeting of the Greater Houston Ministerial Association on September 12, 1960 and insisting that, if elected, he would completely separate his responsibilities as president from his religious faith. In order to further deflate Protestant opposition, he vocally opposed the Catholic hierarchy’s demands for federal aid to parochial schools and the appointment of an ambassador to the Vatican. Yet, Kennedy also played up to Catholic voters in the Northeast by frequently citing his religion. “Chairman of the Democratic Party, Paul Butler, demonstrated the potential to convert Kennedy’s Catholicism from a liability to an advantage,” p.84. Republican candidate, Richard Nixon, forbade any reference to Kennedy’s religion among his campaign staffers for fear he would be branded a religious bigot. Many from both ends of the political spectrum at the time were concerned about Kennedy’s Catholicism, including liberal Democrats who viewed pre-Vatican II Catholicism’s political involvement with alarm. Carty frequently cites Billy Graham* and Norman Vincent Peale as popular Protestant ministers who, although personally opposed to a Catholic president, were more concerned about being viewed as intolerant.

I have a few thoughts after reading this book:

  • Catholic hegemony was still a very real danger in the first half of the 20th century. Vatican diplomats were still signing concordats with European and Latin American nations granting their church favored status and limiting the freedoms of non-Catholics concurrent with the 1960 American presidential election. Popes had openly condemned democratic republics and freedom of religion. Protestants were well aware of these facts in 1928 and 1960 and their concerns were not ungrounded. Carty mentions these historical realities only briefly. During the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), the Catholic church would soften much of its anti-Protestant militancy.
  • Protestants actually had little to fear from Jack Kennedy who was a nominal Catholic at best. It would turn out that President Kennedy had much more interest in securing female companionship when his wife, Jackie, was out of town than he was in seeking advice from Catholic prelates on policy decisions.
  • Roman Catholicism teaches the exact same false gospel of sacramental grace and merit that it did in 1960. The vast majority of evangelical pastors understood at the time that Catholicism taught a false gospel and communicated that fact to their congregants. Today, there’s a growing number of evangelical pastors and para-church leaders who consider it distasteful to exclude Roman Catholicism as a Christian entity and seek to gloss over irreconcilable doctrinal differences in the cause of ecumenism.
  • One of my earliest childhood memories was driving to the Rochester airport with my family to see Jack Kennedy arrive for a campaign speech at the War Memorial Building on September 28, 1960. Roman Catholics across the country were so proud that one of their own was elected president including my nun teachers. Girls and women were enamored with Kennedy for his handsome, unlike-Ike-ish looks. My Dad, a lifelong Republican, wasn’t taken in by Kennedy’s charm, good looks, and thick head of hair and voted for Nixon.

I enjoyed this book quite a bit for its historical details although the Catholic author doesn’t examine Protestant aversion to Roman Catholicism beyond sectarian prejudice. Because of that, he practices the same kind of one-sided bias he criticizes.

*Over the course of his ministry, Billy Graham would take an increasingly ecumenical approach in regards to Roman Catholicism. Local Catholic prelates would be invited to assist in the planning of his crusades and Catholics who came forward at his “altar calls” would be referred back to Catholic workers.

Beating the chest and other Catholic formalities

Last week, I was listening to the 10/25/18 podcast of the “Called to Communion” Catholic talk radio show featuring guest moderator, Jack Williams, and host, David Anders, and a call from a listener brought to mind an old memory.

At the 19:16 mark, Duane in Bismark, North Dakota called in with a question regarding his experiences as an altar boy. Duane related that when he served at mass in his younger days, he was required to ring a bell at the precise moments when the priest allegedly converted the bread wafer and wine into the literal body and blood of Jesus. He stated that while he rang the bell with his right hand, he was also required to tap his chest over his heart with his clenched left hand. Although he had performed this perfunctory action hundreds of times as an altar boy, and continued with it as an adult attendee at mass, he had no idea what it symbolized and asked Anders. The host explained that striking the breast over the heart with a clenched hand symbolized “penitence.”

Ahh! I had forgotten all about this Catholic ritual of striking the chest. I had been an altar boy from fifth through eighth grades and was also required to ring a bell when the priest raised the wafer and wine chalice as he “consecrated” them while also tapping my chest with my left hand. Like Duane, I had no idea WHY I was doing it. We were taught to tap our chest at the alleged moments of consecration as part of our altar server training and that was all we needed to know. Imagine poor Duane who has been pounding his chest for forty or fifty years, but had no idea why he was doing it! Such are the rote, ritualistic mannerisms of Catholicism.

Some Catholics also tap their chest during the “confiteor” portion of the mass (“through my fault…”), the Agnus Dei portion (“have mercy on us”), and at the “Lord, I am not worthy” prayer before communion. Catholicism is full of many such similar ritualistic gestures and postures. The vast majority of Catholics just follow along with all of the prescribed rituals without giving much or any thought to the meaning behind them. The entire mass liturgy, with a priest allegedly changing bread wafers and wine into Jesus, and then offering “Him” up as a sacrifice to God the Father for the sins of the congregants, is an anti-Biblical abomination. Poor Catholic souls are taught they receive graces from the mass that enable them to obey the Ten Commandments in order to hopefully merit Heaven at the moment of their death.

Salvation is not merited through religious ritual or by trying to obey the Ten Commandments. We are all sinners and none of us can earn salvation. However, God the Father sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to pay the penalty for sin on the cross. But He conquered sin and death when He rose from the grave and now offers eternal life and fellowship with God to all those who repent of their sin and accept Him as Savior by faith alone. Accept Christ today!

Postscript: Yes, Scripture does mention beating the breast as a sign of repentance as in Jesus’ story of the proud Pharisee and the humble tax collector in Luke 18:9-14 (below). Roman Catholicism’s teaching that one must merit salvation aligns with the Pharisee character, while the humble tax collector who acknowledged and repented of his sin and pleaded to God for forgiveness and salvation aligns with the Biblical Gospel.

“And He also told this parable to certain ones who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and viewed others with contempt. ‘Two men went up into the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax gatherer. The Pharisee stood and was praying thus to himself, “God, I thank Thee that I am not like other people, swindlers, unjust, adulterers or even like this tax gatherer. I fast twice a week. I pay tithes of all that I get.” But the tax gatherer, standing some distance away was even unwilling to lift up his eyes to heaven but was beating his breast saying, “God, be merciful to me, the sinner.” I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other, for everyone who exalts himself shall be humbled, but he who humbles himself shall be exalted.’”

Answering the alleged “95 Catholic Verses” – #s 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, & 43

Today, we will continue with our response to Dave Armstrong and his book, “The Catholic Verses,” in which the Catholic apologist presents ninety-five Bible verses or passages that allegedly validate Catholicism and are claimed to “confound” Protestants.

In the last several weeks, we’ve examined nine verses/passages which Armstrong presented as proof texts for salvation by faith plus works. Today, we’ll examine the next six verses/passages that Armstrong presents as evidence that salvation is dependent on works and can be forfeited.

Armstrong introduces the six verses/passages below with the heading, “St. Paul On Falling Away from the Faith and Salvation.’” Directly beneath the passages he writes, “Catholics believe in accordance with these passages, that salvation can be lost and that one can fall out of faith and the good graces of God.” – p. 80.

#38) 1 Corinthians 9:27 – “But I pommel my body and subdue it, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified.” (Note – All Bible quotes presented by Armstrong are from the Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, RSVCE)

As I’ve noted previously, Catholicism regularly confuses the Judgement Seat of Christ/Bema Seat, where believers will be judged and rewarded for their servant ministries, with the Great White Throne Judgement where unbelievers will be judged. In 1 Corinthians 9:23-27, Paul is using the example of accomplished athletes of that era to exhort believers to fight the fight of faith and run the race of life with nothing less than dedication, passion, and perseverance, not to merit salvation, but in service to Jesus Christ.

#39) 1 Corinthians 10:12 – “Therefore let any one who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall.”

John MacArthur writes of this verse, “When a Christian becomes so confident of his strength that he thinks he can handle any situation, he is overconfident and in great danger of falling…The danger is not of falling from salvation but of falling from holiness and from usefulness in service. It is a serious danger and one the Lord does not take lightly.”

#40) Galatians 5:1 – “For freedom Christ has set us free; stand fast therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.”

#41) Galatians 5:4 – “You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law; you have fallen away from grace.”

In the Epistle to the Galatians, Paul was writing to the entire church at Galatia. He did not presume everyone in the fellowship was saved and was writing to both the believers and unbelievers, the wheat and the tares. Paul was admonishing the entire fellowship to hold fast to the Gospel of grace rather than being seduced by the false gospel of the works-righteousness Judaizers. Individuals within the Galatian church who had genuinely accepted Christ as Savior by faith alone could still be tempted to adopt elements of legalism in their worship and practice (as Peter had done at Antioch) without losing their salvation, but that would be dangerous for the church.

It’s ironic that Armstrong appeals to the Epistle to the Galatians in his arguments because Paul was warning against the very type of merited salvation false gospel that Catholicism teaches.

#42) Philippians 3:8-14 – “8 Indeed I count everything as loss because of the surpassing worth of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as refuse, in order that I may gain Christ 9 and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own, based on law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith; 10 that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, 11 that if possible I may attain the resurrection from the dead. 12 Not that I have already obtained this or am already perfect; but I press on to make it my own, because Christ Jesus has made me his own. 13 Brethren, I do not consider that I have made it my own; but one thing I do, forgetting what lies behind and straining forward to what lies ahead, 14 I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus.”

Again, just as in 1 Corinthians 10, Paul is admonishing his readers to passionately pursue holiness in Christ Jesus, not salvation. It’s interesting that Armstrong includes this passage in his defense of Catholicism because Paul writes that he left his impressive works-righteousness resume behind and counts it as rubbish and now glorifies in the very un-Catholic truth of “not having a righteousness of my own, based on law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness from God that depends on faith.” Armstrong sinks his own ship with this passage.

#43) 1 Timothy 4:1 – Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by giving heed to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons,

The meaning of this verse isn’t that genuine Christians will lose their salvation, but that people posing as Christians will fall away and even proclaim false gospels. Every day, people profess faith in Christ, but not every profession is genuine. It’s revealing that Armstrong stops with verse one because verse three of the same chapter warns against the coming false teachers who “forbid marriage and require abstinence from foods.” Hmm, sounds a lot like Roman Catholicism.

While Armstrong cites these six verses as proof texts of the possibility of losing salvation, careful examination reveals otherwise. In fact, we found that a few of the passages warn against the very kind of works-righteousness false gospel that Armstrong and his church propagate.

See the articles below for further study.

Olympic Spirituality – Beyond the Gold (1 Corinthians 9:27)

The Danger of Overconfidence, Part 1 (1 Corinthians 10:12)

Does Galatians 5:4 teach that we can lose our salvation? (Galatians 5:1 & Galatians 5:4)

Reaching for the Prize (Philippians 3:8-14)

Teach the Truth – 1 Timothy 4:1-6

Spiritual lessons from raking leaves???

We have many oak trees on our property, as do our surrounding neighbors, so the entire month of November is devoted to removing the massive amount of fallen leaves. I’ve already hauled seven tarp-loads to the curb and anticipate around another forty or so by the end of the month. I thought this might be a good time to re-blog this post from last year. Thank you, Lord, for my leaf blower!

excatholic4christ

After a very tumultuous period in our marriage, the Lord miraculously brought my wife and I back together in 2002. We then lived in an apartment for a couple of years and in 2004 we were looking for a new home. We were both in our late-forties at the time. Our two sons were adults and on their own and after having a house and a yard for twenty-two years, I was thinking in terms of a condominium. But my wife and her realtor sister went looking at houses “just for grins” and called me at work one day, saying to come quick and check out the “dream house” they had found. I pulled into the driveway and gulped hard. Argh! The house was on a heavily-wooded lot (13 mature oaks and 3 locust trees) with a long, double-wide driveway. All that meant A LOT of outdoors work ahead for myself at a point when I…

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Welcome to the Weekend Roundup! – News & Views – 11/10/18

Last weekend’s roundup was devoted solely to the revelations presented by “60 Minutes,” which clearly showed that the Catholic bishop of Buffalo, Richard Malone, has systematically covered up for abusive priests in his diocese. See here. In an attempt to quell the growing demands for his resignation, Malone has released the names of 36 additional Buffalo priests accused of abuse. The fact that Malone is still a bishop following the damning “60 Minutes” broadcast is a testimony to the inability/refusal of the Catholic hierarchy to confront their pedophile priest crisis with any degree of sincerity.

Guy Fawkes Day was celebrated in the United Kingdom this past Monday, November 5th. Fawkes was a Roman Catholic who led a conspiracy to blow up the Parliament building in London and replace King James I with a Catholic monarch. Fawkes was arrested on November 5th, 1605 and the foiling of the conspiracy has been celebrated ever since. Most contemporary Brits aren’t aware of the details of the bloody English Reformation and young rowdies use Guy Fawkes Day as an excuse to party and spread mayhem.

For decades, recently deceased ex-priest and sociologist, Richard Sipe, warned that Catholic seminaries with their rule of mandatory celibacy were magnets for and incubators of sexual deviancy. Some researchers put the percentage of homosexuals in the priesthood as high as fifty percent.

The Catholic doctrine of purgatory, as well as the offering of prayers and indulgences for the souls allegedly suffering in purgatory, are all anti-Biblical, man-made traditions that are a part of Catholicism’s works gospel.

Many young people are turned off by the fervent nationalism and heavy politicking propagated by some high-profile evangelicals (e.g., Robert Jeffress, Mike Huckabee, Jerry Falwell, Jr., and Franklin Graham).

Sixty-years ago, the lines between Catholicism’s false gospel of sacramental grace and merit and Biblical Christianity’s Good News! of salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Jesus Christ alone, were clearly delineated. Through the determined efforts of the Catholic hierarchy and “evangelical” Judases, those lines are now much less distinguishable to the average person. Remember, for Catholics “unity” always means submission to the pope in Rome and to Catholic doctrines.

I was quite busy over the last couple of weeks and neglected to mention the observance of Reformation Day 501 this past October 31st. I am so grateful to the Lord that the Holy Spirit used the early Reformers to recover the Gospel of grace.

As climate change continues and weather becomes more extreme, we’re seeing more and more instances of catastrophic storms and forced evacuations. While this article is a satire, there’s much truth therein. It’s my prayer that Roman Catholics will respond to God’s Word and the leading of the Holy Spirit, repent of their sin and accept Jesus Christ as Savior by faith alone, and leave their apostate church.

Attempting to steady the Ark

My wife and I were recently studying through 2 Samuel, chapter 6, which tells of when King David desired to bring the Ark of the Covenant from Baalah of Judah (Kiriath Jearim) to Jerusalem. David led a huge procession, which accompanied the Ark as it rode on a new (and probably very ornate) cart specifically built for that purpose.

“(5) And David and all the house of Israel were celebrating before the Lord, with songs and lyres and harps and tambourines and castanets and cymbals. (6) And when they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah put out his hand to the ark of God and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled. (7) And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah, and God struck him down there because of his error, and he died there beside the ark of God.” – 2 Samuel 6:5-7

This is a befuddling passage at first glance. Uzzah was only trying to steady the Ark when the oxen stumbled. Why would God have struck him dead when he was only trying to protect the Ark?

Well, we know from Exodus 25:10-15 and  Numbers 4:1-20 that God had given very strict instructions that the Ark of the Covenant was only to be transported by hand using poles inserted through rings and only by the Kohathites. David deliberately disobeyed God’s instructions by transporting the Ark on a cart. He was copying the Philistines who had used a cart previously to transport the Ark after they had captured it.

We know that the Ark, with its mercy seat sitting atop the enclosed stone tablets of the Law, a sample of the manna from Heaven, and Aaron’s rod, was an object of the utmost holiness because it was a type of the Lord Jesus Christ and foreshadowed His redemptive work and offices. The Ark was not to be treated casually as David and the priests who were present had done. Uzzah had committed an act of desecration by touching the holy Ark. He died because David and the priests had not followed God’s instructions. This wasn’t the first time or the last that others perished because of David’s disobedience.

When David moved the Ark the next time, he made sure God’s instructions for moving the Ark were followed to the letter. See 1 Chronicles 15:1-28.

What applications can we glean from 2 Samuel, chapter 6?

  • The passage reminds us that we are to worship and obey our Almighty and Holy God with the focus and reverence He deserves. Our relationship with the Lord is often far too casual and/or given a low priority compared to other “interests” and demands on our time.
  • We shouldn’t look to the world for how we are to worship and obey our God.
  • The commands of God are not relative or open to debate. In this era of plurality and tolerance, no one wants to hear that there is only one way to salvation, by grace alone, through faith alone, in Jesus Christ alone. It is not up to individuals to choose how they want to worship God. He revealed His way, the only way, in His Word.
  • Is it possible that one of the other lessons from this story is that no human effort can assist the Lord Jesus Christ in His offices of Savior and Mediator? Uzzah attempted to steady the Ark as it sat upon the cart when the oxen stumbled. The Ark symbolized Jesus Christ. God did not accept human assistance in steadying the Ark and He cannot accept the sinful works of sinful men in their attempts to merit their salvation.