by Walter Manuel Montano
Cowman Publications, 1950
Catholic Clerico Fascism in South America
Post Second World War Americans were accustomed to hearing about the poor souls trapped behind the Soviet Union’s “Iron Curtain” and Communist China’s “Bamboo Curtain.” In “Behind the Purple Curtain” ex-Dominican monk and Evangelical missionary, Walter Montano, examines the intolerance of Roman Catholicism in countries where it enjoyed a religious majority and received the strong support of the local and national governments. In Europe, the Catholic church was closely allied with the fascist regimes in Spain and Portugal and there were still disturbingly vivid memories of Catholicism’s strong ties to Mussolini’s National Fascist Party in Italy, Pavelic’s Ustase in Croatia, the Sanacja and Dmowski’s Endecja in Poland, and to Petain’s Vichy France.
But Montano’s focus is mainly on Latin America where the Catholic church held sway for 400 years. The rule of the Spanish conquistadors and their successors eventually gave way to unstable, quasi-democracies and military-backed dictatorships but the Catholic church maintained its death grip on the enormous peasant population through its falangist political organizations and alliances with civil governments. Montano gives many examples of the church’s often-lethal intolerance of Protestants within Latin America and warns North American Protestants to maintain their vigilance otherwise they would face similar circumstances. Montano may come across as a quaintly paranoid, Jesuit-conspiracy theorist to the contemporary reader accustomed to today’s prevailing spirit of tolerance and ecumenism but the reality for believers in many parts of world in the 20th-century was that Catholic hegemony often meant harassment, persecution, and even death.
Sixty-five year’s after “Behind the Purple Curtain” was written we find that the Catholic church no longer enjoys anywhere near the political prestige and influence it once did. American Evangelicals no longer need worry about the pope manipulating Washington politics from his Vatican throne. These days pope Francis can’t even get his American membership to attend obligatory mass on Sundays.
The real danger to Christian witness today began several decades ago when some Evangelicals began embracing Catholics as co-belligerents in social causes, which transitioned into compromising the Gospel of Jesus Christ and embracing works-righteousness Catholics as fellow Christians (see Billy Graham, Chuck Colson, Rick Warren, etc.). But Catholicism still teaches the same fundamental doctrines as those taught at the time of the Reformation. Most importantly, Catholics teach justification by sacramental grace and merit while Evangelicals proclaim salvation by the grace of God through faith in Jesus Christ alone. For most Catholics the “gospel” is receiving the church-administered sacraments, trying to live a “good” life, and hoping their “good” outweighs their “bad” at the end. They’re relying on their works-religion and their own righteousness, not Jesus Christ, for their salvation. So why are Evangelicals so eager to embrace Roman Catholics as “brothers in Christ”? Montano saw the coming Evangelical compromise even as far back as 1950 when the leading figure of American Protestantism, Dr. John R. Mott, was already embracing Rome and discouraging mission work to Latin America.
Walter Montano was executive director of Christ’s Mission, a mission to Roman Catholics based in New York City, from 1951 to 1960.
Very recent editions of this book are available from Amazon.com. See my Books tab for a long list of books which examine Roman Catholicism.